International Journal of Sustainable and Green Energy

Submit a Manuscript

Publishing with us to make your research visible to the widest possible audience.

Propose a Special Issue

Building a community of authors and readers to discuss the latest research and develop new ideas.

Renewable Energy Potentials Across North Eastern Nigeria: A Review

The increasing demand for energy has enhanced the usage and pursuit for whatsoever form of energy. Regrettably, some forms of energy have numerous negative impacts socially, economically and on our physical environment. In addition to that, Nigerian national grid could not provide enough power to the country. This necessitated the hunt for an energy source that is; environmentally friendly, economically viable and socially acceptable. Some of these renewable sources are practicable at individual stage while some require government intervention. North eastern Nigeria been one of the most populous geopolitical zones in Nigeria still believe and rely on hydroelectric power generated by government which is not sufficient. Others rely on petroleum generators which are not friendly (socially and environmentally) and are increasingly becoming costly. This paper highlights the renewable energy potentials of the region based on previous researches. The renewable energy sources reviewed are solar energy, Geothermal energy, Wind energy and Biomass. The advantages and potentials of these sources are discussed. This will help to awaken individuals to energy solutions that require no recurring cost and are environmentally friendly.

Renewable Energy, Solar Energy, Geothermal Energy, Biomass, Wind Energy, North Eastern Nigeria

APA Style

Ahmad Alhassan, Abdullahi Hussaini, Ohakwere-Eze Michael Coat, Abubakar Babangida, Abubakar Magaji, et al. (2023). Renewable Energy Potentials Across North Eastern Nigeria: A Review. International Journal of Sustainable and Green Energy, 12(3), 29-34.

ACS Style

Ahmad Alhassan; Abdullahi Hussaini; Ohakwere-Eze Michael Coat; Abubakar Babangida; Abubakar Magaji, et al. Renewable Energy Potentials Across North Eastern Nigeria: A Review. Int. J. Sustain. Green Energy 2023, 12(3), 29-34. doi: 10.11648/j.ijrse.20231203.11

AMA Style

Ahmad Alhassan, Abdullahi Hussaini, Ohakwere-Eze Michael Coat, Abubakar Babangida, Abubakar Magaji, et al. Renewable Energy Potentials Across North Eastern Nigeria: A Review. Int J Sustain Green Energy. 2023;12(3):29-34. doi: 10.11648/j.ijrse.20231203.11

Copyright © 2023 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

1. Abraham, EM; Lawal, KM; Ekwe, AC; Alile, O; Murana, KA, "Spectral analysis of aeromagnetic data for geothermal energy investigation of Ikogosi Warm Spring - Ekiti State, southwestern Nigeria." Geothermal Energy, vol. 2, pp. 1-21, 2014.
2. Ema Michael Abraham, Elijah Edet Nkitnam,, "Review of Geothermal Energy Research in Nigeria: The Geoscience front," International Journal of Earth Science and Geophysics, 2017.
3. T. O. Lawal, L. Nwanko, A. Iwa, J. Sunday and M. Orosun, "Geothermal Energy Potential of the Chad Basin, North-Eastern Nigeria," J. Appl. Sci. Environ. Manage., vol. 22, no. 11, p. 1817–1824, 2018.
4. A. Hussaini, Y. I. Bello, E. N. Chifu, M. N. Maharaz, A. Alhassan and A. I. N. Y. I. A. Nasiru Bala, "Determination of depth to basement using spectral analysis of aeromagnetic data over Azare Segment of Chad Basin," Dutse Journal of Pure and Applied Sciences, 2020.
5. E. Abraham, E. Grace, M. Obande, C. Chukwu and M. Onwe, "Estimating depth to the bottom of magnetic sources at Wikki Warm Spring region, northeastern Nigeria, using fractal distribution of sources approach.," Turkish J Earth Sci. 3 (24), pp. 494-512, 2015.
6. Okolie, S. T. A; Ozuor, O; Fakehinde, o; Ongbali, S. O; Fayomi, O. S. I; Agu F. A;, "Study of Nigeria Geothermal Energy resources’ Viability, Brief Production Techniques and Transportation," Energy procedia, vol. 157, pp. 1475-1485, 2019.
7. B. C. Udochukwu, M. Akiishi and A. A. Tyovenda, "Estimation of Geothermal Gradient and Heat Flow for Determination of Geothermal Energy Sources in Monguno Area of North eastern Nigeria," Journal Bank, vol. 20, no. 1, 2019.
8. K. A. C. &. N. L. Dopamu, "Regional estimation of geothermal resources of theentire Benue Trough, Nigeria using high-resolutionaeromagnetic data.," Geomech. Geophys. Geo-energ. Geo-resour., vol. 7, no. 78, pp. 1-16, 2021.
9. O. N. Richard and O. Eseosa, "Evaluation of Wind Energy Potentials in Some Selected Areas in the Six Geo-Political Regions in Nigeria," Journal of Alternative and Renewable Energy Sources, vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 20-37, 2022.
10. O. I. Wasiu, Z. I. Mohd and A. Aliashim, "The status of the development of wind energy in Nigeria.," Energies Journals, vol. 13, no. 23, 2020.
11. T. Andrzej and S. Zbigniew, "Wind power plants - Types, design and operation principles.," Journal of Kones, vol. 25, no. 3, 2018.
12. B. I. Kunya and A. Ahmed, "Performance Analysis of Two Different Sizes of Wind Turbine Rotors Based on Nigerian Low Wind Regime," Nigerian Journal of Technology (NIJOTECH), vol. 41, no. 1, p. 77–82, 2022.
13. O. N. Richard and E. Omorogiuwa, "Assessment of Solar Energy Source in Some Selected Areas of the Nigeria Six Geo-Political Regions," Journal of Alternative and Renewable Energy Sources, vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 13-19, 2022.
14. S. Ayigun, H. Yassah and I. Romanus, "Assessment of Mtn Lumos Box Solar Energy as an Alternative Source of Electricity Power Supply in Nigeria: Case Study of Mubi, Adamawa State North Eastern Nigeria," International Journal of Energy and Environmental Research, pp. 14-23, 2022.
15. NNPC, "Official Gazette of the Nigerian bio-fuel policy and incentives," NNPC, 2007.
16. I. O. S. O. Edeh, "Biomass to Biofuels: A sure Sustainable Energy Strategy in Nigeria.," Petro Chem Indus, 2023.
17. F. O. A. G. E. L. H. P. Olanrewaju, "Bioenergy Potential in Nigeria.," Chemical Engineering Transactions, 74, pp. 61-66, 2019.
18. C. C. N. C. A. A. C. C. I. J. C. &. O. F. A. Okafor, "Biomass utilization for energy production in Nigeria: A review," Cleaner Energy Systems, p. 100043., 2022.
19. S. O. O. J. I. &. P. R. Jekayinfa, "An assessment of potential resources for biomass energy in Nigeria.," Resources, 9 (8), p. 92, 2020.
20. U. Dankawu and A. S. E. N. H. S. A. Y. M. U. L. N. S. A. M. FM Usman IM Musa, "Assessment of Biogas Production from mixtures of Poultry Waste and Cow Dung Poultry Waste and Cow Dung," Dutse Journal of Pure and Applied Sciences (DUJOPAS), vol. 8, no. 1b, pp. 138-145, 2022.
21. D. Ukpanyang and J. Terrados-Cepeda, "Decarbonizing Vehicle Transportation with Hydrogen from Biomass Gasification: An Assessment in the Nigerian Urban Environment," Energies, vol. 15, no. 3200, pp. 1-23, 2022.
22. Olaoye T, Ajilore T, Akinluwade K, Omole F, Adetunji A, "Energy crisis in Nigeria: Need for renewable energy mix," American Journal of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, vol. 4, pp. 1-8, 2016.
23. Abraham Ema Michael and Nkitnam Elijah Edet, "Review of Geothermal Energy Research in Nigeria: The Geoscience Front," International Journal of Earth Science and Geophysics 3 (15), 2017.
24. N. C. &. S. S. K. Ohakwere-Eze M. C, "Design and Model of a Photovoltaic Solar Farm for the Power System Stability of the Federal University of Kashere, Gombe, Nigeria.," Jewel Journal of Scientific Research (JJSR) 7 (1), p. 30–39, 2022.
25. M. Ohakwere-Eze, "The growth and Characterization of Copper Sulphide thin Film using CBD Technique," Journal of Materials Science and Engineering. B 5 (3-4), pp. 181-186, 2015.
26. Alhassan, A; Bello, Y I; Maharaz, M N; Nuraddeen, Usman; Hussaini, A; Bala, N; Ibrahim, A; Yakubu, N; Ibrahim, A;, "Detection of lithological boundaries using second order vertical derivatives of aerogravity data; a case of Hadejia segment of the Chad basin, Jigawa state Nigeria," Bima Journal of Science and Technology, vol. 5, no. 2, 2021.
27. C. M. a. P. O. C. G Ozoegwu, “The status of solar energy integration and policy in Nigeria,” Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, vol. 70, no. C, pp. 457-471, 2017.